A comprehensive examination of likely changes to urban forests due to climate change. Offers planning and policy recommendations. While written for British Columbia, applicable to entire Cascadia region.
This document provides approaches that local government officials and municipal program managers in small to midsize communities can use to incorporate green infrastructure components into work they are doing in public spaces. The document presents examples and case studies of how integrating green infrastructure methods can enhance retrofits and maintenance projects and provide other multiple community benefits.
EPA’s master site for information about planning, implementing and– most significantly — funding municipal water projects to protect human health and the environment.
The Green Build-out Model is a planning tool that quantifies the cumulative stormwater management benefits of trees and green roofs for different coverage assumptions across the District of Columbia. It calculates potential reductions in stormwater runoff within the municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) and the combined sewer system (CSS) that contribute to water quality impairment in the Nation’s capital.
The City of Lancaster Plan, prepared by CH2M Hill, covers all aspects of green infrastructure from top to bottom, roof to trees, rain barrels to curb cuts. This plan is notable for its focus on targeting the right practice to the right place, estimating potential life-cycle costs, offering schematic designs and illustrations, comparing green to gray alternatives, and providing step-wise guidelines for implementation. For planneers and officials uncertain where to begin, the plan sketches and supports a protocol for identifying high priority projects.
Seattle’s Urban Forest Management Plan provides a long term vision for increasing tree canopy cover (the percent of the city covered by trees as seen in an aerial view) and the myriad environmental, social, and economic benefits associated with trees in urban areas.
The Urban Forest Action Plan was developed to implement the goals established in the management plan. The goals the action plan focuses on are to protect and restore the urban canopy, support the urban forest, and maximize the benefits of the urban forest for all citizens.
It is critical for local governmental entities to adopt sound, comprehensive stormwater management ordinances that incorporate best practices. IDNR/OWR and the Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) developed a Model Stormwater Management Ordinance as a resource for counties and municipalities to use when drafting or revising their own stormwater ordinances. While local development, review, and approval processes are unique, IDNR/OWR provides this document as a template containing the minimum requirements for an effective ordinance and suggestions for more advanced stormwater protection. It particularly addresses tree protection and GI maintenance.
This Stormwater Management Model Ordinance was developed by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation Department for use by a locality for establishing a Virginia Stormwater Management Program consistent with the Virginia Stormwater Management Act. While specific to Virginia, this document can provide guidance and information for localities developing stormwater management programs.
This model ordinance addresses post-development stormwater management requirements for new development and redevelopment in a community. The ordinance defines requirements for a post development stormwater management plan, which is required in order to undertake land development activities. This plan contains the details of how the development will address post-development stormwater runoff quality and quantity impacts resulting from the permanent alteration of the character and hydrology of the land surface as well as the nonpoint source pollution from land use activities. The ordinance also outlines the water quantity and quality performance criteria for managing this runoff and specifies local requirements for the use of structural stormwater controls and nonstructural practices, in order to protect public health and safety, protection of public and private property and infrastructure, and environmental protection. Ongoing long-term inspection and maintenance provisions are provided.